Discectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the damaged portion of a herniated disc in your spine. A herniated disc can irritate or compress nearby nerves. Discectomy is most effective for treating pain that radiates down your arms or legs.
What are the indications of discectomy?
- You have trouble standing or walking because of nerve weakness
- Conservative treatment, such as physical therapy or steroid injections, fails to improve your symptoms after six to 12 weeks
- Pain radiating into your buttocks, legs, arms or chest becomes too much to manage
What are the types of discectomy?
The types of discectomy procedures include:
- Cervical discectomy - is the removal of a disc in the neck area (cervical spine).
- Lumbar discectomy - is the removal of a disc in the lower back (lumbar spine).
- Sacral discectomy - is the removal of a disc in the back between your pelvic, or hip bones (sacral spine).
- Thoracic discectomy - is the removal of a disc in the middle part of the back (thoracic spine).
How is a discectomy performed?
- Open surgery
- Anterior discectomy
What are the advantages of discectomy?
The minimally invasive spine surgery includes the following advantages:
- Small incision
- Minimal scar tissue formation
- Short recovery
- High Success rate
- Minimal blood loss
- Preservation of spinal mobility
- Local Anaesthesia
- Less hospital stay
- Same-day surgery