Haemorrhoids Surgery

Haemorrhoids Surgery

Uniteds haemorrhoid (piles) specialists have years of experience correcting both basic and complex haemorrhoids, with the objective of getting patients back to pain-free health as soon as possible.

Haemorrhoids are swollen veins that can be internal, which means they're inside the rectum, or external, which means they're outside the rectum.


What are the grades of haemorrhoids?

The severity of haemorrhoids is classified by grades as follows:

  • Grade 1: no prolapse

  • Grade 2: prolapse that goes away by itself

  • Grade 3: prolapse that you have to push back in on your own

  • Grade 4: prolapse that you can't push in on your own and causes you pain


What are the symptoms?

Signs and symptoms of haemorrhoids usually depend on the type of haemorrhoid.

External haemorrhoids

These are under the skin around your anus. Signs and symptoms might include:

  • Itching or irritation in your anal region
  • Pain or discomfort
  • Swelling around your anus
  • Bleeding

Internal haemorrhoids

Internal haemorrhoids lie inside the rectum. You usually can't see or feel them, and they rarely cause discomfort. But straining or irritation when passing stool can cause:

  • Painless bleeding during bowel movements. You might notice small amounts of bright red blood on your toilet tissue or in the toilet.
  • A haemorrhoid to push through the anal opening (prolapsed or protruding haemorrhoid), resulting in pain and irritation.

Thrombosed Haemorrhoids

If blood pools in the external haemorrhoid and forms a clot (thrombus), it can result in:

  • Severe pain
  • Inflammation
  • Swelling
  • A hard lump near your anus


How is haemorrhoid diagnosed?

  • Digital examination Your doctor inserts a gloved, lubricated finger into your rectum. He or she feels for anything unusual, such as growths.
  • Visual inspection Because internal haemorrhoids are often too soft to be felt during a rectal exam, your doctor might examine the lower portion of your colon and rectum with an anoscope, proctoscope or sigmoidoscope.
  • Colonoscopy


What are the treatment options available for haemorrhoids?

  • Medications - If your haemorrhoids produce only mild discomfort, Your doctor might suggest over-the-counter creams, ointments, suppositories or pads. These products contain ingredients such as witch hazel, or hydrocortisone and lidocaine, which can temporarily relieve pain and itching.
  • External haemorrhoid thrombectomy - If a painful blood clot (thrombosis) has formed within an external haemorrhoid, your doctor can remove the haemorrhoid, which can provide prompt relief. This procedure, done under local anaesthesia, is most effective if done within 72 hours of developing a clot.
  • Rubber band ligation -Your doctor places one or two tiny rubber bands around the base of an internal haemorrhoid to cut off its circulation. The haemorrhoid withers and falls off within a week.
  • Sclerotherapy - Your doctor injects a chemical solution into the haemorrhoid tissue to shrink it. While the injection causes little or no pain, it might be less effective than rubber band ligation.
  • Coagulation (infrared, laser or bipolar)- Coagulation techniques use laser or infrared light or heat. They cause small, bleeding internal haemorrhoids to harden and shrivel. Coagulation has few side effects and usually causes little discomfort.
  • Haemorrhoid removal (hemorrhoidectomy) - Haemorrhoidectomy is the most effective and complete way to treat severe or recurring haemorrhoids. Complications can include temporary difficulty emptying your bladder, which can result in urinary tract infections. This complication occurs mainly after spinal anaesthesia.
  • Haemorrhoid stapling -  This procedure, called stapled haemorrhoidopexy, blocks blood flow to hemorrhoidal tissue. It is typically used only for internal haemorrhoids. Stapling generally involves less pain than hemorrhoidectomy and allows for earlier return to regular activities. Compared with hemorrhoidectomy, however, stapling has been associated with a greater risk of recurrence and rectal prolapse, in which part of the rectum protrudes from the anus.

Why United Hospital?

Efficient and Empathetic staff

Our health care professionals are dedicated to providing the best healthcare services, prioritizing the needs of the patient.

Latest and advanced technology

We aim at providing the latest diagnostics, high-tech treatment facilities and constructive medical procedures at affordable prices.

Transparent Pricing

We have a transparent pricing system with detailed information of tests, consultations and medical procedures.

Patient-Centric Approach

We believe in adopting a patient centric approach to cater the individual needs of the patient.


I was admitted at United Hospital for about 3 days. Right from admission formalities, the rooms and the overall facilities, I was cared for. The doctors, especially Dr. Raghavendra Prakash and Dr. Navya were excellent. They were very calm, patiently answered my trivial questions without hesitation and made it a point to explain every course of treatment that I was undergoing. The support staff deserves a mention. They were equally supportive in making my hospital stay as comfortable as possible. It’s a great hospital. Congratulations United Hospital…keep up the great work and commitment in serving the patients as always!

Mr. Ashutosh Vardhan

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