Posted on : 01/03/2022 Views : 264
Hip Replacement Surgery: Procedure, Cost, and Recovery
If your doctor has suggested hip replacement surgery for you, then you might be anxious and want to know more about the surgery before undergoing such a procedure. You might want to have a say in this or you can simply follow the instructions given by your orthopedic surgeon. Either way, learning about the same can reduce the anxiety and will ease out your confusion prior to the surgery. In this blog, we are going to discuss the same with our experienced surgeon practicing total hip replacement surgery in Bangalore.
What is hip replacement?
The damaged and diseased part of your hip is removed and replaced with prosthetic components during hip replacement surgery. To create room for the new prosthesis, the damaged part of the hip is shaved away.
What are the types of hip replacement and what are the parts need to be replaced?
- Total hip replacement- A total hip replacement uses a prosthesis to replace both the femoral head and the acetabulum.
- Partial hip replacement- Only the femoral head is replaced in a partial replacement. This procedure is usually performed on individuals who have particular types of hip fractures.
How do you prepare yourself before hip replacement surgery?
You'll have a series of appointments to receive testing and clearance in order to prepare for surgery. Studies such as lab tests, urine analysis, an EKG, and X-rays may be conducted during these appointments. Your surgeon will decide whether you are eligible for surgery or not based on the findings of these tests and your medical history.
Your medical risk will be assessed prior to surgery. The complications of a hip replacement must not outweigh the advantages, according to your healthcare providers.
How the hip replacement surgery is performed?
- The surgeon makes a 10- to 12-inch incision on the hip's side,
- After the incision, your surgeon splits or detaches the muscles, allowing the hip to be dislocated and fully examined.
- The injured femoral head is removed, and a metal stem is inserted into the hollow middle of the femur.
- A metal or ceramic ball is then placed on the upper half of the stem by the surgeon. This ball replaces the femoral head that was lost due to injury.
- The injured cartilage surface of the socket (acetabulum) is removed and replaced with a metal socket by the surgeon.
- To keep the socket in place, the surgeon may use screws or specific kind of cement.
A plastic, ceramic, or metal spacer is inserted between the replaced metal ball and the socket by the surgeon.
What to expect after surgery?
As per our experts practicing in orthopedics and joint replacement hospital in Jayanagar, after surgery, you have to follow some instructions for early recovery.
- You have to take pain medications
- Antibiotics to prevent any chances of developing an infection
- Blood thinners to reduce the chances of developing DVT(deep vein thrombosis) due to blood clot formation.
- You may have to wear special stockings for a few days after surgery.
- After 2 weeks, you will have a follow-up appointment for suture(stitches) removal.
Do I need physical therapy after surgery? For how long do I have to continue physiotherapy?
You should start doing physical therapy after 24 hours of the surgery. You'll spend 20 to 30 minutes doing exercises that will improve the strength of the muscles around your hip joint. You'll gradually restore motion and strength when you return to climbing stairs, bending, and walking. You'll be out of commission for several weeks to months until you're back to normal.
How long will I be in the hospital?
You might have to stay in hospital for two to three days. If you are
- Having unbearable pain even after surgery.
- Vitals are not stable like fluctuation in blood pressure or respiratory rate, then you mighy end up staying in hospital for a few days more.
Do I need to go for rehabilitation after surgery?
You'll spend time with a physical therapist and an occupational therapist at the rehabilitation centre, after your surgery, where you'll regain strength, learn about all of your exercises, and the precautions you'll need to take. Depending on your recovery progress, you will spend five to fourteen days at this facility.
How long will be the recovery period after surgery?
Recovery period may vary based on multiple factors including-
- Your age
- Overall health
- Strength of your muscle and bone
- Your commitment towards the rehabilitation program
- Your ability to take care of your hip joint after surgery
- To take the medications on time
Conclusion- if you need to undergo such procedure, you can consult our experts from the best hospital in Bangalore for further queries.